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Home arrow Bible Based Cults & Isms arrow Seventh Day Adventistism arrow The 1844 Investigative Judgement Doctrine

The 1844 Investigative Judgement Doctrine

Article Index
The 1844 Investigative Judgement Doctrine
Serious ramifications of the 1844 Investigative Judgement teaching
Who bears our sins?
No further judgment is required

CAIC site note: We do not know the original source for this article, which is pre-2002 at most.  To the best of our knowledge the content below is a correct copy. 

The investigative judgment doctrine, peculiar to Seventh-day Adventists, teaches that in fulfillment of Old Testament sanctuary typology, Christ entered into the second apartment of the sanctuary in heaven in 1844 in order to begin a work of "investigative judgment" to see who was worthy of eternal life, both of those still living and those dead.

A brief background for this teaching is called for.  Ellen G. White, under the influence of William Miller, an early Adventist, agreed with his date for the visible return of Christ.  October of 1844 was set for the second coming of Christ.  Christ obviously did not return on that date, so in order to "save face" over a false prophecy, "investigative judgment" was born.

SDA's use Daniel 8:14 in their reasoning,

"And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed".  (Authorized Version).

The SDA reasoning is faulty on two points regarding this scripture.  First, the Hebrew word for "cleansing" is not used.  The translators of the King James Bible would have been more accurate had they said "restored" rather than "cleansed".

Also the SDA's try to turn the Hebrew words "ereb boqer" for "days" into "years", but these words literally mean "evening-mornings".  Obviously an actual solar day of 24 hours is referred to, not "years", as SDA publications state.

The New American Standard Bible more clearly says in Daniel 8:14, "And he said to me, "For 2300 evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be properly restored."

Despite all this, including the fulfillment of this scripture, 1844 nevertheless came to be the date in SDA theology when a work of final atonement, a "cleansing" which would blot out a believer's sin would supposedly begin.

This teaching is the opposite of the full atonement taught by the Christian church, and also mocks at the words of our Savior from the Cross, "It is finished." (John 19:30).  Hebrews 10:12 also states,

But this man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins, FOREVER, sat down on the right hand of God." (NAS).

Christ paid fully for our sins, atoning for them fully.  No scripture teaches otherwise.